Hell is horrible. It’s a beast of a topic to teach on. It’s easily one of the most difficult and even embarrassing teachings in Christian Scripture. Effectively the doctrine of hell risks two major dangers: It drives people away from God for fear that he’s a cruel sadist. Or it drives people to God for all the wrong reasons (i.e., fear-baiting, threats, coercion).
While I don’t pretend to have all the answers, and I don’t expect this powerpoint presentation to convert the most hardened atheists or theological liberal, this doctrine is still defensible. And for those of us who consider Christianity to be plausible, and the Bible to be reliable, and Christ to be lovable–for those people, there is great comfort in knowing that the doctrine of hell serves an important role in maintaining coherence within a biblical Christian worldview.
Here is a powerpoint presentation detailing the biblical Christian doctrine of hell, together with theological, textual, and historical defenses for this difficult doctrine:
Addendum: One commentor suggested that “death” never really meant “separation.” This claim is only half right. In Hebrew and in Greek, across biblical history and through most of human history there have been at least two senses of the word “death”–cessation, and separation. One needs to tell from context which is in view. The separation definition, according to my work in this study Separation Definition of Death.3 August 2016 is a long-standing tradition deeply rooted in Biblical Christianity, Christian theology, but also commonly accepted by natural revelation among non-Christian scholars in the ancient and modern world.